Cut Flowers Fertilizer Recommendations

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1. Cut Flowers Fertilizer Recommendations

2. How our Recommended Fertilizers Work on Cut Flowers

2.1 Lono

2.2 Albina

2.3 Indra

2.4 Sulis

2.5 Damu

2.6 Zeme

3. Our Published Papers on Cut Flowers

4. Cut Flowers Trial Data

5. Related Articles

Section 1

Fertilizer Recommendations for Cut Flowers

Our Recommendations for Cut Flowers

Lono – For Improved Yield

Lono is Levity’s flagship nitrogen fertilizer which greatly improves flower number and size and promotes good root growth. Lono provides flower crops with ‘Stabilized Amine Nitrogen’ which focuses growth on strong stem and flower development rather than vegetative growth.

Albina – For Improved Flower Development & Vase Life

Albina is Levity’s highly efficient calcium fertilizer which improves quality and vase life. Conventional calcium fertilizers give erratic results because plants can not evenly absorb calcium, making applications inefficient. Albina uses Levity’s special LoCal technology to make it easy for flowers and older leaves to absorb it.

Indra – For Stress Protection

Indra improves growth and quality of flower crops by helping them cope with stress caused by heat, cold, salinity, drought and high UV light. Indra helps crops cope with stress events, preserving growth and lifting quality.

Sulis – For Improved Colour and vase life

Sulis is Levity’s fertilizer which helps plants to build colour and brix. Sulis maximizes the function of the enzymes responsible for pigment formation.

Damu – For Robust Flowers

Damu works by helping plants move photosynthates from the leaves where they are made to developing flowers. This helps improve size of flowers and can improve vase life.

Zeme – For Stronger, Healthier Crops

Zeme is Levity’s unique silicon fertilizer which strengthens the crop and making it more resilient against pests, diseases and stress and improving post-harvest shelf life. Zeme uses Levity’s SiX chemistry which dramatically improves silicon uptake and distribution allowing low applications and better results.

Indra Fertiliser Bottle

Lono

For increased crop growth and yield.

Albina Fertiliser Bottle

Albina

For Quality, Shelf Life & Health.

Indra Fertiliser Bottle

Indra

Improves stress tolerance.

Sulis Fertiliser Bottle

Sulis

For improved quality, colour and taste.

Sulis Fertiliser Bottle

Damu

Active Boron for Fruit & Tuber Size.

Sulis Fertiliser Bottle

Zeme

For Stronger Healthier Crops.

Section 2

How Our Recommended Fertilizers Work on Cut Flowers

Section 2.1

Lono

Lono Product Label

Lono

Feeding a flower crop is important but nitrogen can make plants grow too vegetative, leading to poor and inconsistent establishment which follows through to harvest with inconsistent size, stem strength and quality. 

The majority of nitrogen applied to crops gets taken up in the nitrate form (regardless of what form it is applied as) due to instability in the environment. Nitrate nitrogen is processed in the leaf and leads to production of the growth hormone auxin. High auxin levels in plants make them apical dominant, meaning that as crops receive more N (nitrate) they become progressively more vegetative.

Unlike nitrates, the amine form of nitrogen is processed in roots and leads to the production of a different growth hormone – cytokinin. Amine nitrogen encourages more investment in reproductive growth and rooting. This is a more desirable type of growth for flower producers as it gives good roots, more even establishment, and better and more even flower production.

Unfortunately, due to the rapid conversion on amine to nitrate in soils this better growth habit is hard to achieve in practice.

Lono combines amine N with other nutrients and holds amine N in the form it is applied. Lono produces better establishment and rooting, better flower development, stronger stems and less vegetative growth.

Please contact us for more information about purchasing Lono.

Section 2.2

Albina

Lono Product Label

Albina

Calcium is important in flower production, low calcium levels lead to decreased vase life, poor flowering and quality problems. Unfotunately calcium is not evenly distributed or absorbed so often there are parts of the plant that are inherently low in calcium regardless of how often calcium fertiliser is applied.

Calcium absorption in plant cells is linked to ‘polar auxin transport’ therefore parts of plants high in auxin absorb calcium easily (if available) and parts of plants low in auxin absorb calcium sparingly (no matter how much is supplied).

Auxins are used by plants for new growth, this means as flowers and leaves age it becomes more difficult for them to absorb applied calcium. This leads to flowers and older leaves being low in calcium even when tissue testing shows high levels in foliage elsewhere.

For best results on improving stem weight, petal calcium and calcium in older leaves crops will benefit from use of products containing LoCal technology such as Levity’s Albina. LoCal improves calcium absorption in low auxin parts of plants and can be used to get calcium into fruit where the natural ability to absorb is low.

To improve calcium levels in flower crops use foliar applied Albina at 1 litre per hectare regularly through the growing cycle. This will be more effective than higher volume and more frequent applications of standard formulations.

Please contact us for more information about purchasing Albina.

Section 2.3

Indra

Lono Product Label

Indra

Indra is a product that improves growth and quality of crops by helping them cope with stress caused by heat, cold, salinity, drought and high UV. All these stresses cause crops to produce toxins (ROS) that damage cells, reducing growth and increasing susceptibility to diseases.

Indra works by stimulating the plants own antioxidant production and by supplying the nutrients needed make this possibly. Indra is proven to protect crops against a wide variety of stresses and can improve yield and reduce susceptibility to disease when used in a programme.

Please contact us for more information about purchasing Indra.

Section 2.4

Sulis

Sulis product Label

Sulis

Sulis builds colour in plants. It works by supplying molybdenum and boron in a special formulation that helps the fruit maximise the function of the enzymes responsible for building better levels of colour.

These processes require molybdenum to manufacture ABA and boron to transport sugars, but as molybdenum does not produce visible deficiency symptoms, the enzymes are often not adequately functioning, leading to a slow build of colour. The Blush technology that powers Sulis stimulates the plant’s natural process of maturity, whilst ensuring these key nutrients in the process are available.

The special formulation of Sulis helps flowers build better levels of colour. It promotes the processes of maturation that are normally triggered by the hormone ABA. Importantly, Sulis does this without causing a spike in ethylene, which can retard shelf life and create quality problems.

Sulis also contains cell wall stabilisers, so that whilst colours build, flowers can also maintain vase life.

Please contact us for more information about purchasing Sulis.

Section 2.5

Damu

Sulis product Label

Damu

Boron has a role to play in flower development via carbohydrate transfer to developing flower buds. Damu is a unique formula developed by Levity Crop Science, proven to improve flower development.

Boric acid, the main form in which plants take up boron from soils is not phloem mobile, it is taken up and moved passively upwards through the plant with water accumulating mainly in leaves. Flower crops easily move boron from soil to leaves in this way but find it difficult to transfer it from leaves to flowers.
To develop flowers plants move sugars from photosynthesising leaves (where they are created created), to the flowers where they are stored as soluble solids. Boron plays a role in this movement of photosynthates from leaves to roots and so has a key influence on flower quality.

Damu helps to facilitate transport of boron and carbohydrates to developing flowers by improving translocation of sugar-boron complexes. Damu supplies the Boron needed to fuel carbohydrate translocation alongside Levity’s proprietary stimulant ‘Catalyst’ which stimulates the speed and intensity of the process.

For best results apply 2L/Ha at each flowering period.

Please contact us for more information about purchasing Damu.

Section 2.6

Zeme

Sulis product Label

Zeme

Silicon is a nutrient that plays an important role in cell strength and in plant growth and development. However Silicon is poorly mobile in plants and when conventional silicon is applied to crops it binds locally after application and is not available to the plant for metabolic activity.

Zeme Levity’s Si-X technology, a unique chemistry that aids active transport of silicon by crops. Zeme helps protect flower crops against damage from stress, giving stronger and more resilient leaves, stems, bulbs and flowers. It can be used at low rates and helps strengthen the whole plant.

Because Zeme is better distributed through the plant than conventional silicon fertilisers, it is used less frequently and at a lower rate. The whole plant is toughened which can help make the plant more robust and less prone to disease infections.

Zeme Silicon

The Benefits of Silicon

Albina Fertiliser Bottle

Please contact us for more information about purchasing Zeme.

Section 3

Published Papers on Cut Flowers

Label for Elona Fertiliser

Published Papers on Cut Flowers

At levity, our science is proven, published and peer reviewed in the academic and scientific community. Read our scientific papers on cut flowers.

Published Papers on Cut Flowers

At levity, our science is proven, published and peer reviewed in the academic and scientific community. Read our scientific papers on cut flowers.

Section 4

Trial Data For Cut Flowers

Our fertilizers are independently trialed around the world to make sure that they excel above conventional fertilizers in all agronomic and weather conditions.

In this section explore some of the independent trials of our recommended fertilizers for cut flowers.

Lono K

Lono +

Indra

Albina

Lono K

Trial: Colombia (2022)

In an independent research trial conducted in two separate locations in Colombia, our product, Lono K, was tested on Chrysanthemum Flowers. The ‘Pink Atlantis’ variety was chosen for this investigation, with key metrics such as stem length, stem diameter, fresh weight and the number of buds per plant.

Key elements of this trial were:

  • The trials were conducted independently.
  • The ‘Pink Atlantis’ variety of Chrysanthemums was chosen for the study.
  • The trials took place under typical conditions on a commercial flower farm.
  • The farms chosen for the trials typically experience variations in climate, a common challenge for Colombian growers.

Summary

Lono K consistently demonstrated its efficacy in the trial. It significantly improved all the evaluated metrics, leading to notable increases in stem diameter, stem length, fresh weight, and the number of buds on the Chrysanthemum Flowers. These improvements show Lono K’s potential to enhance the overall health and productivity cut flowers.

Lono +

Trial: Colombia (2022)

In an independent research trial conducted across two locations in Colombia, our product, Lono Plus, was tested on “Pink Atlantis’ Chrysanthemum Flowers. Stem length, stem diameter, fresh weight, and the number of buds were all measured.

Key elements of this trial were:

  • Independence in conducting the trials.
  • The trials utilised the ‘Pink Atlantis’ variety of Chrysanthemums.
  • The research was carried out under typical conditions on a commercial flower farm.
  • The selected farms often grapple with climate variation, a common challenge for Colombian growers.

Summary

The independent trial results demonstrate Lono Plus’s efficacy in enhancing all evaluated metrics of Chrysanthemum flowers. Application of Lono Plus showed an increased in stem length, stem diameter, fresh weight, and number of buds per plant.

Indra

Trial: Colombia (2022)

In an independent research trial conducted across two locations in Colombia, our innovative product, Indra, was tested on ‘Pink Atlantis’ Chrysanthemum Flowers. The impacts on stem length, stem diameter, fresh weight, and dry stem weight were assessed.

Key aspects of the trial included:

  • Independence in conducting the trials.
  • The trials utilized the ‘Pink Atlantis’ variety of Chrysanthemums.
  • The trials were conducted under typical conditions on a commercial flower farm.
  • The farms used for the trials typically experience climate variation, a common challenge for growers in Colombia, highlighting the potential benefits of Indra in mitigating these issues.

Summary

The results of our independent trials in Colombia highlight the effectiveness of Indra. Across both locations, plants treated with Indra demonstrated significant improvements in all measured parameters. The average stem length, stem diameter, fresh weight and dry stem weight increased, illustrating the growth promoted by Indra.

Albina

Trial: Colombia (2022)

In an independent research trial carried out across two distinct locations in Colombia, our product, Albina, was tested on ‘Pink Atlantis’ Chrysanthemum Flowers. The impacts on stem length, stem diameter, fresh weight, dry stem weight, and vase life, were measured.

Key aspects of this trial included:

  • Independence in the execution of the trials.
  • The study employed the ‘Pink Atlantis’ variety of Chrysanthemums.
  • The trials were performed under usual conditions on a commercial flower farm.
  • The farms selected for these trials commonly deal with climate variation, a frequent issue for Colombian growers.

Summary

Albina delivered exceptional performance across all key metrics. Vase life, stem diameter and Stem Length of the Chrysanthemum flowers saw considerable improvements. Albina not only enhanced the growth characteristics of the flowers but also significantly extended their shelf-life.

Section 5

Related Posts

Improving Vase Life of Cut Flowers

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Boost to Ornamentals From Nitrogen Switch

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